CTPS

In France, each new variety is registered by decision of the Ministry of Agriculture and published in the Official Journal. The Ministry bases its decisions on the opinion of an advisory committee: The Permanent Technical Committee for Plant Breeding (CTPS).

Missions

The CTPS carries out its missions within an official framework:

  • Management of the French Official Catalogue
  • Development, proposal, and implementation of technical rules for registering varieties in the Catalogue.
  • Variety testing and sanitary certification for seeds and plants.

 

 

In accordance with Decree 2009-676 of 12 June 2009, the CTPS provides advice and technical assistance to the Ministry of Agriculture for the preparation and implementation of variety, seed and plant policy.   

The CTPS offers guidance and support to research and development activities in plant breeding, and to the seed production and marketing sector. Its objective is to increase the efficiency and quality of agricultural and agro-industrial production, for food and non-food crops, whilst safeguarding the environment.

Context and Objective

The ongoing objective of variety and seed regulation is to guarantee seed of sound, genuine and marketable quality to the user. It is with this objective in mind that the first legislation was implemented in France in the 1920s and 1930s (Seed Testing Committee set up in 1922, Official French Catalogue of Species and Varieties created in 1932). In 1942, the Permanent Technical Committee for Plant Breeding (CTPS) was set up. This new committee moved away from the notion of “seeds” and instead towards the notion of “varieties” and “genetic progress”. Since then, the French Catalogue has grown over the years with new varieties emerging across the different species, in response to constantly evolving market needs.

And so, since the 1960s, plant breeding has responded to successive and cumulative objectives: improving the productivity of French agriculture, ensuring national food security, boosting the competitivity of the seed and variety sectors in the open EU and world markets, and proposing new species, uses and outlets.

With these objectives in mind, the CTPS assists and guides genetic progress by developing its technical rules for registration.  These rules aim to ensure the best possible match between the objectives of variety users, civil society, public authorities, and the scientific and technical capacities of breeders. The rules also take into account the productivity, regularity, and quality of production; these fundamental objectives provide an essential guarantee of the profitability and economic longevity of French agriculture and its sectors.

Today we are faced with a range of new challenges, such as the environment, health, and conserving biodiversity. To address these challenges, the CTPS is pursuing its mission of guiding genetic progress within the framework of the Ministry of Agriculture’s “Seed and Sustainable Agriculture Plan” (SPAD). The SPAD strategic plan for 2014-2019 builds on the CTPS’s existing activities, taking account of the Ecophyto plan and the Agriculture-Innovation 2025 mission for environmentally-friendly, sustainable and innovative agriculture.

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Among the selected actions, we draw particular attention to an incentive for the registration of varieties with reduced chemical consumption and adapted to diversified conditions. This includes the work carried out on VCUS (Value for Cultivation, Sustainability and Use) registration rules. Varieties are assessed with regard to disease and pest resistance, efficiency of nitrogen and water use, and genotype x environment x performance interactions. Work is also carried out across all species to promote the registration of varieties adapted to low input cultivation, in particular for Organic Farming or increasing protein production in quality and quantity.

To meet the challenges of maintaining intra and inter-specific genetic diversity, we will need to enhance actions already undertaken for many years, such as the registration of old varieties with strong cultural connotations. France was the first to open a list in its official catalogue for amateur vegetable varieties nearly 20 years ago. Many old fruit varieties are also listed. A list has also been opened for conservation varieties threatened by genetic erosion, helping to register varieties which can be redeveloped in their region of origin. As part of the SPAD plan, a CTPS Plant Genetic Resources (RPG) Section has been created and will assist France in meeting its international commitments in this area. It will also allow the official recognition and support of numerous PGR network managers in France. This new CTPS mission fits perfectly into what we can call the "continuum" of diversity and genetic innovation ranging from PGR to marketed varieties. This notion of continuum is also a major focus in the evaluation and promotion of variety data.

In addition to guiding varietal innovation towards the needs expressed, the CTPS seeks to promote the French catalogue in a context of "regulatory" intra-European competition. If the registration objectives in France change direction too abruptly, this would be counterproductive. The catalogue's users would bypass the French catalogue and opt instead for catalogues of other Member States allowing easier access to the Community market.

That is why promoting the principles and strategic directions of the official French Catalogue at EU level is a permanent objective for the CTPS and the Ministry of Agriculture, just as it was when the now-abandoned EU seeds law was discussed. The French Catalogue owes its longevity, richness and diversity to the composition and functioning of the CTPS. A unique structure in the European Union, it brings together all stakeholders involved in varieties and seeds, from PGR stakeholders to civil society representatives, including stakeholders in the agricultural, vegetable, fruit, vine, ornamental and forest sectors.

 

Organisation

The CTPS is composed of over 800 technical and scientific experts who take part in guiding public policy with a view to fostering innovation and optimising genetic progress.

  • A Plenary Committee which coordinates and guides the activities of the CTPS’s different bodies, and assists in developing legislation. It meets twice a year with sixty leading representatives from different branches of the public and private sectors which are concerned with varieties and seeds.
  • A Scientific Committee which provides advice and recommendations on the latest scientific findings (in the domains of plant breeding and seed production) which could impact or be used in plant breeding, variety testing, or seed quality analysis. Composed of 16 leading scientists from the public and private sectors, it meets at least three times a year and proposes Research and Development activities. Each year, the Scientific Committee launches a Call for Projects as validated by the Plenary Committee, and organises Restitution Seminars for these projects.
  • Fifteen Sections which are specialised by species group: Beetroot and Industrial Chicory, Cereals, Flax and Hemp, Forage plants and Grass, Forest trees, Fruit Trees, Maize and Sorghum, Oilseed plant, Ornamental plants, Potato, Rapeseed and other Crucifers, Sunflower/Soya/Castor oil plants, Vegetable plants, and Vine. These sections are responsible for:
    • Examining registration requests for the French Catalogue.
    • Developing regulations for each species regarding the catalogue and certification.
    • Assisting in guiding research for plant breeding.
  • The Plant Genetic Resources Section for the conservation of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) across a range of species. The PGR Section carries out its activities on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture, advising on:
    • Recognition as “Manager of a plant genetic resources collection for food and agriculture”.
    • The integration of heritage resources into the National Collection.
    • The implementation of rules and EU directives concerning plant genetic resources.
  • Two cross-sectional committees:
    • The Cross-sectional “Service Plants” VATE Committee (CISPS) studies the Value for Cultivation, Use and Sustainability (VCUS) of candidate varieties for registration in the Official French Catalogue under the “Service Plants” category. The species potentially concerned by this type of use are very diverse, and the Committee brings together a broad range of expertise in terms of members’ knowledge of species, their agronomic experience, and their capacity to address the services requested.
    • The Cross-sectional Committee for Organic Farming is in charge of promoting the registration of varieties that are suitable for organic farming. It identifies the needs and gaps in organic farming for different species, in terms of varieties and seeds, with a view to offering varieties in the French Catalogue that are adapted to Organic Farming and clearly identified as being so.

 

Each Section is composed of 30-40 members representing the public and private sectors concerned by the creation, distribution, and use of varieties and seeds. The meetings are led by a president, technical coordinator, and members of the Plenary Committee, and are held several times a year. Each Cross-sectional Committee is led by a president and technical coordinator, and works closely with the specialised sections.

 

 

CTPS Contacts

Plenary Committee Contacts
Mr Alain MOULINIERPresident of the CTPS
MAA / CGAAER 251 Rue de Vaugirard 75732 Paris Cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 44 36  alain.moulinier@agriculture.gouv.fr

Mr François DESPREZVice President of the CTPSFlorimond DESPREZ SA BP 41 59242 CAPPELLE-EN-PEVELE

Tel. +33 (0)3 20 84 94 90  francois.desprez@florimond-desprez.fr

Ms Virginie BERTOUXSecretary General of the CTPS
GEVES - CTPS  25 rue Georges Morel CS 90024 49071 Beaucouzé cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 49 virginie.bertoux@geves.fr

Ms Fabienne BLONDELAssistant to the Secretary General of the CTPSGEVES - CTPS  25 rue Georges Morel CS 90024 49071 Beaucouzé cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 85 92   fabienne.blondel@geves.fr

Ms Céline DELARUECTPS - Registration applications
GEVES - CTPS  25 rue Georges Morel CS 90024 49071 Beaucouzé cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 00   celine.delarue@geves.fr

Scientific Committee Contacts
Mr  Christian HUYGHEPresidentINRA - Directeur scientifique Agriculture 147 Rue de l'Université 75338 Paris Cedex 07

Tel. +33 (0)1 42 75 94 77 christian.huyghe@inra.fr

Ms Aurélia GOULEAUScientific coordination
GEVES - Head office - 25 rue Georges Morel - CS 90024 - 49071 BEAUCOUZE Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 46 aurelia.gouleau@geves.fr

Ms Fabienne BLONDELScientific coordination assistant
GEVES - CTPS - 25 rue Georges Morel - CS 90024 - 49071 BEAUCOUZE Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 85 92   fabienne.blondel@geves.fr

Presidents and Technical Secretaries of the 15 CTPS Sections
Beetroot and Industrial ChicoryPresident Mr Alain MOULINIER MAA  / CGAAER  251 rue de Vaugirard 75732 PARIS cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 44 36  alain.moulinier@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Bruno RICHARD GEVES - SEV Le Magneraud - Saint Pierre d'Amilly - CS 40052 17700 SURGERES

Tel. +33 (0)5 46 68 30 20  bruno.richard@geves.fr

CerealsPresident Mr Thierry BERLIZOT MAA  / CGAAER  251 rue de Vaugirard 75732 PARIS Cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 43 89 thierry.berlizot@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Anne-Lise CORBEL GEVES – Domaine de l’Anjouère – La Pouëze – 49370 Erdre-en-Anjou

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 87 05  anne-lise.corbel@geves.fr

Flax and hempPresident Ms Sylvie HUBIN-DEDENYS MAA / CGAAER  251 rue de Vaugirard 75732 PARIS cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 84 56 sylvie.hubin-dedenys@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Christelle GODIN GEVES – Domaine de l’Anjouère – La Pouëze – 49370 Erdre-en-Anjou

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 93  christelle.godin@geves.fr 

Forage plants and grassPresident Ms Isabelle LITRICO-CHIARELLI INRA – URP3F  Le Chêne RD 150 - 86600 LUSIGNAN

Tel. +33 (0)5 49 55 61 48 isabelle.litrico-chiarelli@inra.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Vincent GENSOLLEN GEVES - SEV Montpellier - La Valette 711 rue Jean-François Breton 34090 MONTPELLIER

Tel. +33 (0)4 67 04 35 85  vincent.gensollen@geves.fr 

Forest treesPresident Mr Patrick PASTUSZKA INRA - Domaine de l'Hermitage Cestas Pierroton - 69 rue de l'Arcachon - 33612 CESTAS Cedex

patrick.pastuszka@pierroton.inra.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Alain BERTHELOT FCBA Délégation territoriale Nord-Est - 60 route de Bonnencontre - 21170 Charrey-sur-Saône

Tel. +33 (0)3 80 36 36 20 alain.berthelot@fcba.fr  

Fruit treesPresident Mr Didier PINCONNET MAA - CGAAER  251 rue de Vaugirard 75732 PARIS cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 55 65  didier.pinconnet@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Carole DIRWIMMER GEVES Cavaillon 4790 Route des Vignères 84250 LE THOR

Tel. +33 (0)4 90 78 66 63  carole.dirwimmer@geves.fr 

Maize and sorghumPresident Mr Michel BECKERT MESR - DGRI - Domaine de Crouël - 5 chemin de Beaulieu - 63000 CLERMONT FERRAND

Tel. +33 (0)6 72 83 49 89  michel.beckert@inra.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Valérie Uyttewaal GEVES - SEV - Le Magneraud CS 40052 St Pierre d’Amilly 17700 SURGERES

Tel. +33 (0)5 46 68 30 19 valerie.uyttewaal@geves.fr 

Oilseed plantsPresident Mr Gérard DUC INRA - UMR LEG - BP 86510 6 21065 DIJON cedex

Tel. +33 (0)3 80 69 31 48  gerard.duc@inra.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Jean-Michel RETAILLEAU GEVES - SEV Brion - Domaine de la Boisselière 49250 LES BOIS D'ANJOU

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 57 09 91  jean-michel.retailleau@geves.fr 

Ornamental, perfume, aromatic and medicinal plantsPresident Ms Laurence HIBRAND-SAINT-OYANT INRA - 42 rue Georges Morel 49071 Beaucouzé Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 57 95  laurence.hibrand-saint-oyant@inra.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Marie-Hélène GANDELIN GEVES - SEV CAVAILLON - 4790 Route de Vignères 84250 LE THOR

Tel. +33 (0)4 90 78 66 77   marie-helene.gandelin@geves.fr

Plant Genetic ResourcesPresident Mr Fabrice DREYFUS MAA / CGAAER 251 rue de Vaugirard  75732 PARIS cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 81 59 fabrice.dreyfus@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Audrey DIDIER GEVES - Siège - 25 rue Georges Morel - CS 90024 49071 BEAUCOUZE Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 45  audrey.didier@geves.fr

PotatoPresident Ms Sophie VILLERS MAA / CGAAER - 251 rue de Vaugirard 75732 PARIS cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 56 60  sophie.villers@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Patrick BAGOT GEVES – Domaine de l’Anjouère – La Pouëze – 49370 Erdre-en-Anjou

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 86   patrick.bagot@geves.fr 

Rapeseed and other crucifersPresident Ms Régine DELOURME INRA Le Rheu - Domaine de la Motte au Vicomte - BP 35327 - 35653 LE RHEU cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 23 48 51 33  regine.delourme@inra.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Patrick BAGOT GEVES – Domaine de l’Anjouère – La Pouëze – 49370 Erdre-en-Anjou

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 86   patrick.bagot@geves.fr 

Sunflower/Soya/Castor oil plantsPresident Mr Jean-Pierre CHOMIENNE MAA / CGAAER - 251 rue de Vaugirard  75732 PARIS cedex 15

Tel. +33 (0)1 49 55 80 09 jean-pierre.chomienne@agriculture.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Ms Virginie BERTOUX GEVES - Siège - 25 rue Georges Morel - CS 90024 - 49071 BEAUCOUZE Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 22 86 49 virginie.bertoux@geves.fr 

Vegetable plantsPresident Ms Catherine DOGIMONT INRA - Centre de recherche PACA - GALF Saint Maurice - 67 allée des chênes - CS 60094 F-84143 - MONTFAVET Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)4 32 72 27 08 catherine.dogimont@inra.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Pascal COQUIN GEVES -SEV Brion - Domaine de la Boisselière 49250 LES BOIS D'ANJOU

Tel. +33 (0)2 41 57 23 22  pascal.coquin@geves.fr 

VinePresident Ms Marie GUITTARD Institut National des Appellations d'Origine - 12 rue Henri Roi-Tanguy 93555 MONTREUIL SOUS BOIS

Tel. +33 (0)1 73 30 38 07 m.guittard@inao.gouv.fr

Technical Secretary Mr Laurent MAYOUX FRANCEAGRIMER - DRAAF 22 rue de Claret 34070 MONTPELLIER

Tel. +33 (0)4 67 07 81 14  laurent.mayoux@franceagrimer.fr 

Cross-sectional “Service Plants” VATE Committee (CISPS)President Ms Isabelle LITRICO-CHIARELLI INRA - URP3F - Le Chêne RD 150 - 86600 LUSIGNAN

Tel. +33 (0)5 49 55 61 48 isabelle.litrico-chiarelli@inra.fr

Technical Coordinator Mr Denis LECLERCQ INRA - Lusignan - 150 route le Chêne - CS80006 - 86600 LUSIGNAN

Tel. +33 (0)5 49 55 60 74  denis.leclercq@geves.fr  

Cross-sectional Committee for Organic Farming (CISAB)President Mr Michel RENARD INRA - UMP IGEPP (INRA, Agrocampus Ouest Rennes, Université Rennes1) - BP 35327 - 35653 LE RHEU Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)2 23 48 51 26 michel.renard@inra.fr

Technical Coordinator Ms Marie-Hélène BERNICOT INRA Bâtiment Coste - BP 86510 - 17 rue Sully - 21065 Dijon Cedex

Tel. +33 (0)6 19 19 26 10 marie-helene.bernicot@geves.fr 

CASDAR/CTPS Call for projects

Each year, the CTPS for cultivated plants and the Ministry of Agriculture launch a CASDAR "Seeds and plant breeding" call for research proposals to promote varieties for the agri-food systems of tomorrow.

 

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CASDAR Seed Restitution Seminars

The CTPS Scientific Committee regularly organises restitution seminars in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture. These seminars are an occasion to present the projects selected from the CASDAR "Seeds and plant breeding" call for projects.

 

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Impact of NBT on plant varieties and CTPS missions

In the framework of Priority Action 2: Foster innovation in agro-ecology in the plant and seed sectors of the Ministry of Agriculture’s “Seed and Sustainable Agriculture Plan” (SPAD), the CTPS Scientific Committee has carried out a study on the repercussions of New Breeding Techniques (NBT) on plant varieties and the CTPS’s missions. The following two questions were examined: “What are the potential consequences of new breeding techniques for plant varieties” and “What impact could new breeding techniques have on the CTPS’s activities?” The aim of this study was not to investigate regulation or intellectual property-related issues arising from these techniques.

The report is available here (French version only).

This analysis from the CTPS Scientific Committee provides additional clarification on recent developments in NBT in France and Europe, in particular the following:

As regards the regulatory framework, the French Council of State asked the European Court of Justice to specify the exact scope of the European Directive for GMOs approved in 2001 with regards to NBT, and to verify the validity of this Directive. The Advocate General’s conclusions are now available: